His wedding to the “Washington Post celebrated”editor Joe Ritchie in the Anacostia Museum for African American history. At the ceremony in 1980, he and his wife, Africa contributed-inspired clothing, festive garments, in which the two appeared also at the parties. “We are committed to the continent of our ancestors, we determine who we are: Americans as well as Africans,” wrote Ritchie in an article for the MIRROR. The Ritchie’s gifts to their sons African name: Jabari and Akin.

history-conscious African-Americans as the later journalism Professor Ritchie is a Festival that is, according to the US researcher Elizabeth Pleck as “one of the survival of the strongest inventions of African-American nationalism from the sixties” celebration. They celebrate the 26. December until 1. January Kwanzaa. “Mutunda ya kwanzaa” means the East African language of Kiswahili for “first fruits” – is to say: “Thank you for the harvest”. In the Kwanzaa festival week to please friends and relatives with gifts. Families ignite a daily candle of a seven-branched candelabra (Kinara). In doing so, you sprinkle to the African custom of alcohol on the ground to honor the ancestors.

A Feast with the seven principles

The common meal, preferably in African costume to the party groups in the seven nights on the seven principles of Kwanzaa Umoja (Unity), Kujichagulia (self-determination), Ujima (responsibility), Ujamaa (joint Economics), Nia (sense of purpose), Kuumba (creativity) and Imani (Faith talk:). The Motto of the 1. In January, the seventh and last day of the Feast, was defined as: with all my heart we believe in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and to the victory of our just cause.

Thought was the Feast of Professor Ron Everett of the California State University in Long Beach in 1966. The historian was a Black Power activist, and called himself Maulana Karenga. At that time, it was common that African Americans ‘ assumptions as a sign of protest against the suppression of their “slave name” that is in thee, and African or Arabic names. The Poet LeRoi Jones Amiri Baraka and the Boxer Cassius Clay Muhammad Ali called. Clay converted to Islam, because while Christianity was regarded as a Religion with white origins, saw a lot of people in the Faith of the prophet Mohammed, the Religion of the Colored.

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dark-Skinned Christians in Africa and the Diaspora encounter again and again to the representations of their doctrine: the white angel, a white Jesus, a white God with a snow white beard. So a black Boy asks in a London-published book: “Why are there not angels, who look like me?” It was troubled that the heavenly beings were represented as the image of white children; the boy wished to be “an Angel Just Like Me” (the title of the book). The journal “West Africa” and praised the story: “it shows how children are racist back to feel-making – especially at Christmas.”

as a background To this most important Feast of the Christianity of the catchy tune “White Christmas in the United States constantly” – and Afro-Americans not only to snow think. “White Christmas” can be experienced as a “Christmas of White”. No wonder that black nationalists such as the Professor Karenga, a substitute Christmas for Black thought. And so Kwanzaa created.

“Kwanzaa was deliberately placed in the time of the Christian Christmas festival”, writes the of of Temple University in Philadelphia published in the “Journal of Black Studies”; the new party should be made “the pan-African idea, the Christianity, the colonization and slavery co-responsible”.

Today, the “Official Kwanzaa Website,” the Festival emphasizes the “no religious holiday”. The combative-political origin is not mentioned, but the coexistence with Christmas. “You can have your merry Christmas and a happy Kwanzaa too.” America loves holidays. The citizens of the multi-cultural country there is no shortage of ideas. So people invented the on religious grounds, Fixed the Christian Christmas, the Jewish Hanukkah and the Muslim Eid al-Fitr for Ramadan at the end – Thanksgiving, mother’s day, father’s day and Halloween. This includes Kwanzaa since 1966. “The Blacks have the same right to invent shit, like the White”, making a mockery of the African-American writer Ta-Neshi Coates. The “awe-inspiring Kwanzaa is a made-up celebration for a made-up country”.

100 dollars for the Kwanzaa candelabra

Like almost every other major Festival, the commercialization has not done before Kwanzaa: The Kwanzaa week will be offered work in the shops, traditional African clothing, the dark-skinned dolls, greeting cards, art objects and African inspired hand. Up to $ 100 of the siebenarmige stand with candles in red, black and green, the colors of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), the beginning of the 20th century. Century, the return of all Black propagated to Africa. After neighborhood flourished markets, opened in 1993, a “Kwanzaa Holiday Expo”, opened their doors in the huge New York Jacobs K. Javits Convention Center.

“In the case of Kwanzaa, you have to be here,” said a Pepsi-Cola Manager of the New York Times, which printed a report on “The Marketing of Kwanzaa”. In addition to smaller shops companies, such as Revlon and the Abi Arnheuser-Busch were at the fair large to be represented. The “commercialization” was in order, said the speaker of the Kwanzaa Expo, “but the Afro-Americans and not Corporate America would have to profieren”.

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Kwanzaa is to make money, although only a minority within the black minority commits the Feast. A lot of White people learned of it only in 1997, when the us postal authority for the first Time Kwanzaa stamps brought out (to the 50. Anniversary in 2016, followed by a further series). A Soundtrack was the Feast of the soul star Teddy Prender-grass, in 1998, the Album “Happy Kwanzaa”.

Kwanzaa is established. The President George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Barak Obama sent to the occasion of greeting messages. Also, the newly-elected Donald Trump turned on 26. December 2017 at the ceremony: “Today is the first day of a week-long Celebration of African Tradition and culture. While families and friends light up together with the Kinara, send Melania and I give you our warmest greetings for a merry Christmas.” Kind words, the many surprised.

The political developments that preceded the current Boom of the Feast ahead, however, are not only pleasing nature: Melvin Deal from Washington D.C., the Afro-dance – and -drum group in 2017, has occurred in over a dozen Kwanzaa events reported an even greater demand this year in response to the “increasingly visible white racism”.