The Nobel prize in medicine was awarded Monday to the American James P. Allison and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo for their research on immunotherapy, which have proven to be particularly effective in the treatment of cancers that are virulent. “By boosting the capacity of our immune system to attack the cancer cells, the Nobel prize winners this year have established a whole new principle to treat the cancer,” said the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. Each of their side, the two scientists tried to “release the brakes” and to “press the right pedal of acceleration” of the immune system to enable it to ” neutralize micro-organisms, foreign “, said the jury Nobel. “I was dreaming, but I didn’t think it would. It seemed too big, ” responded James P. Allison, 70 years of age, contacted by the news agency the Swedish TT. The professor of immunology at the cancer Centre of the university of Texas and Tasuku Honjo, 76 years old, professor at the university of Kyoto, had already received jointly in 2014 the price Tang, billed as the asian version of the Nobel.

The Nobel in medicine went last year to three geneticists americans, including the study of the biological clock illuminates the body adapting to the cycle of day and night, sleep disorders and their effects on health. The last of the French honoured in this discipline are Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier, in 2008, for the identification in 1983 the hiv virus.

No Nobel literature laureate

After the medicine, will follow the physics Tuesday, chemistry Wednesday, and the economy Monday, October 8. The winner of the Nobel peace prize will be announced Friday in Oslo. For the first time since 1949, the announcement of the literature prize has been postponed for a year by the Swedish Academy, enferrée in internal divisions and the departure of several members preventing it from functioning normally. The Nobel prizes were awarded for the first time in 1901, after the rich industrial Swedish Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite, had bequeathed his fortune to the establishment of these prices. Winners receive the December 10, a gold medal, a diploma and a cheque for 9 million Swedish crowns (approximately 870 000 euros) which can be divided in each category between the three winners maximum.